File Name: obstetrics and gynecology ultrasound made easy .zip
Wonder Women Tech not only disrupted the traditional conference model but innovatively changed the way conferences should be held. In Merck Pharmaceuticals announced the release of Gardasil, a first of its kind vaccination against a cancer, specifically cervical cancer.
Abstract: A fundamental feature of implantation is synchronized development of the embryo to the blastocyst stage and differentiation of the uterus to the receptive state. Lipopolysaccharide LPS , a bacterial endotoxin, is a component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria and its detection in biologic fluids is an evidence of microbial invasion of a sterile compartment, such as the amniotic cavity. A gram-negative bacterial infection model has been established in the mice. LPS alters the expression of tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin-1, and colony-stimulating factor.
LPS treatment disturbs serum P4, E2 and their receptors. Disturbance in the embryonic and uterine expression of cytokines, growth factors, steroid hormones and its receptors, gonadotropins and its receptors and heat shock proteins in response to LPS probably trigger the multiple factors in the embryonic and uterine cells, which are responsible for implantation failure.
The present review will contribute to our understanding of the mechanism of early pregnancy loss during gram-negative bacterial infection in pregnant mother. Diabetes Mellitus and Preeclampsia. Mohammad Nasir Uddin 1,2 , Madhava R. Beeram 2 and Thomas J. Kuehl 1,2,3. Abstract: Preeclampsia preE is a pregnancy disorder characterized by the de novo development of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation and is the leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.
The specific etiologies of this syndrome remain unknown. However, it seems clear that preE is not a single disorder, but a syndrome with multiple pathophysiologic triggers and mechanisms.
The mechanisms contributing to this effect is not well characterized. There is considerable evidence to suggest that dysfunction of cytotrophoblast cells, which are critical for formation of the fetal-maternal interface, may play a central role in the pathogenesis of preE.
Excessive circulating glucose, caused by diabetes or other conditions, is one well-characterized precursor of preE. This review evaluates the potential linkage between the risk of developing preE and the presence of diabetes early in pregnancy.
The concept is that high levels of glucose may stimulate one or more mechanisms of vascular remodeling during implantation and placental development. Elevated glucose levels in pregnancy may impair a cascade of vascular development that will predispose to development of placental vascular compromise. Cytotrophoblasts organize placental remodeling during pregnancy, and excess glucose in diabetic pregnancy may triggers intracellular changes in several stress signaling pathways resulting in cytotrophoblast cell dysfunction and abnormal placentation, thus development of preE.
The Pattern of Abruption Placenta in Cameroon. Abstract: Abruption Placenta AP is a premature partial or total separation of a normally implanted placenta from the uterine wall before the fetal delivery resulting in hemorrhage. This study aimed at evaluating the risk factors, maternal and perinatal outcome associated with abruption placenta at the Yaounde university teaching hospital in Cameroon.
The overall 67 files of patients with AP were identified for a period of 10 years including January to December After each case of AP the files of the 3 women who delivered after her, without AP constituted the control group. We excluded 4 files in the AP group and 12 files in the control group because of missing or alteration making them useless. Finally 63 files for case and for controls were analyzed. The level of significance was 0.
During our period of study, a total of deliveries were registered among which 67 with AP 0. Compared to the controls, the risk of AP was insignificantly increased in teenagers mothers No maternal death was recorded. Our findings justify the need for large quantitative and qualitative studies to understand more about the epidemiology of AP in Cameroon.
Ferguson 1 and Richard E. Abstract: Hypoxia plays an important role in placental trophoblast differentiation and function during early pregnancy.
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha HIF1a is known to regulate cellular adaption to hypoxic conditions. However, our current understanding of the role of HIF1a in trophoblast physiology is far from complete. These data suggest that MTA1 and MTA3 play critical roles in trophoblast function and differentiation during early pregnancy.
Sarah K. James 2 and Tracey A. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the natural history of paratubal and paraovarian masses, and to identify indications for surgical intervention. Study design: Women who underwent transvaginal ultrasound at Duke University Hospital between and for the indication of pelvic mass, fullness, or pelvic pain were identified through a radiology database.
Eight women were asymptomatic, while four women presented with pain. Ultrasound was the initial imaging modality in ten. All women were ultimately imaged with ultrasound.
Five were recommended to have Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI after initial ultrasound, 4of 5 of these patients had complex features to their cysts. The average diameter of the cyst in these women was 9. Four of six patients underwent laparoscopy; three had concomitant removal of tubes and ovaries. The other six women were managed expectantly. The average cyst diameter of this group was 4. All had interval decrease in cyst size at follow up ultrasound; two patients had complete cyst resolution by a third follow up ultrasound.
Simple cysts can be expected to regress and may be managed expectantly. Erin M. Wahle 1 , Abbey J. Hansen 2 , Whitney L. Cowman 2 and Colleen K. Stockdale 2. Abstract Background: Typically removal of an IUC involves mild traction on the string and yields few complications. However, there are situations in which IUC strings are not visible to the provider and removal of the device proves to be difficult.
Misoprostol appears to be effective in reducing the effort required in difficult IUC removal. The objective of this study is to apply nutritional epidemiology to SIDS, infant mortality, and breast feeding in the States of America and the counties of Florida to further confirm this observation. Study design: The rates of SIDS and infant mortality, and the 3 month exclusive breastfeeding are known for These rates, as well as several ecological factors, were compared using Excel statistics.
Patterns between diseases were also observed. Similar statistics for infant mortality deaths were also done for the State of Florida using results from women who initiated breast feeding their babies after birth. Results: Rates of SIDS, and infant mortality were inversely significantly associated with 3 month exclusive breast feeding in the United States. Similar results were also seen for infant mortality in the counties of Florida.
Patterns of relationships between SIDS, infant mortality and other factors may indicate a similarity in the 3origins of the diseases. Conclusion: Nutritional epidemiology of SIDS, and infant mortality in the United States and the counties of Florida in regard to infant mortality show that breast feedings may prevent these diseases as previously found in case-control studies.
Comparison to other ecological factors suggests that the SIDS and infant mortality diseases may be similar in origin except for the severity of the diseases. A 30 year old G5P2L2A2 presented with 2 months amenorrhoea and spotting per vaginum for 2 days. A provisional diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy or hormone secreting ovarian tumour was made. On laparotomy, the left ovary was replaced by a solid vascular mass densely adherent to the sigmoid colon.
Figure1 Left salpingoovariotomy was carried out with difficulty after releasing the adhesions. On the second postoperative day, she developed headache and vomiting. Fundus examination showed papilloedema and CT scan revealed 2 metastatic deposits in the parietal and temporal lobes Figure 2. She was being managed with anticerebral oedema measures and chemoradiation but her condition deteriorated and she was taken home against medical advice. Abstract: Background: To report a rare case of primary adrenal tuberculosis mimicking metastasis in a patient with endometrial stromal sarcoma.
Case presentation: A year-old woman with advanced high grade endometrial stromal sarcoma International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIIc underwent staging operation and six courses of chemotherapy cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dacarbazine. A whole-body Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography suggested solitary right adrenal metastasis at 37 months after surgery.
Laparoscopic right adrenalectomy was done and histopathological result showed primary adrenal tuberculosis. Conclusion: In endemic areas for tuberculosis, a diagnosis of adrenal tuberculosis should be considered for adrenal nodule in women with gynecologic malignancies. E-mail: mjog jscimedcentral. ISSN: Authors: Saviour S. Authors: Teresa A. Abstract: A year-old African American woman, gravida 8 para , was admitted at 34 weeks of gestation because of shortness of air, dysphagia for solids and liquids, Kuehl 1,2,3 Abstract: Preeclampsia preE is a pregnancy disorder characterized by the de novo development of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation and is the leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.
Jaffe3 Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the natural history of paratubal and paraovarian masses, and to identify indications for surgical intervention.
Stockdale 2 Abstract Background: Typically removal of an IUC involves mild traction on the string and yields few complications. Full Text PDF.
Obstetric and Gynaecological Ultrasound is a highly illustrated manual ideal for both the trainee and experienced sonographer that covers the full range of obstetric and gynaecological ultrasound examinations undertaken within a secondary referral setting. It combines the practicalities of how to perform these examinations with the information needed to interpret the findings and construct a clinically useful report. The new edition of this well-established book expands its scope to provide an understanding of ultrasound imaging within the clinical management of the gynaecological patient. Elsewhere, its obstetric content has been fully updated with the latest technological, clinical and medico-legal information relevant to routine practice. Furthermore, its experienced sonographer authors continue to advise on the practical aspects of scanning as well as the role, value and limitations of ultrasound in the diagnosis of different diseases thus providing firm foundations in both obstetric and gynaecological imaging. We are always looking for ways to improve customer experience on Elsevier. We would like to ask you for a moment of your time to fill in a short questionnaire, at the end of your visit.
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology has recently been accepted in Scopus. Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology publishes case reports and case series related to obstetrics, maternal-fetal medicine, gynecology, gynecologic oncology, uro-gynecology, reproductive medicine, infertility, and reproductive endocrinology. Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study. Small bowel obstruction during pregnancy is rare and can be detrimental to both mother and fetus. In most cases, management eventually involves surgical intervention. Little is known regarding optimal mode of delivery in those with bowel obstruction during pregnancy. We present a case of vaginal delivery during acute small bowel obstruction as well as a review of recent literature regarding mode of delivery in the setting of bowel obstruction.
Helps to solve complex cases with ground-breaking image quality and color while presenting unique fetal heart tools and specialized probes including eM6C. Features TrueVue advanced Magic inside Aplio i is designed to deliver outstanding clinical precision and departmental productivity.
The history of sonography in Obstetrics and Gynaecology dates from the classic Lancet paper of Ian Donald and his team from Glasgow. Fifty years on it is impossible to conceive of practising Obstetrics and Gynaecology without one of the many forms of ultrasound available today. Ultrasound guided procedures are now essential components of fetal therapy and IVF treatment. This concise history is written by someone who has witnessed each of these advances throughout the ultrasound era and is able to give perspective to these momentous happenings.
Wonder Women Tech not only disrupted the traditional conference model but innovatively changed the way conferences should be held. In Merck Pharmaceuticals announced the release of Gardasil, a first of its kind vaccination against a cancer, specifically cervical cancer. Abstract: A fundamental feature of implantation is synchronized development of the embryo to the blastocyst stage and differentiation of the uterus to the receptive state. Lipopolysaccharide LPS , a bacterial endotoxin, is a component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria and its detection in biologic fluids is an evidence of microbial invasion of a sterile compartment, such as the amniotic cavity. A gram-negative bacterial infection model has been established in the mice.
Obstetric and Gynaecological Ultrasound Made Easy: Medicine & Health Science Books @ imstea.org
This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. A succinct, well illustrated handbook for. It guides the reader through the techniques of scanning in a. Covers the essentials of obstetric and gynae scanningStep-by-step approachOver scans and A succinct, well illustrated handbook fortrainees covering the essentials of obstetric and gynaecological ultrasound. It guides the reader through the techniques of scanning in alogical and progressive way. Covers the essentials of obstetric and gynae scanningStep-by-step approachOver scans and 50drawingsSensibly priced Small size - easy to carry aroundobstetric section updated with section on soft markers, more on cardiac scanning,twins and Doppler,New section on gynae ultrasound50 new scanscolour Doppler now covered.
Маломощный двигатель отчаянно выл, стараясь одолеть подъем. Беккер выжал из него все, что мог, и отчаянно боялся, что мотоцикл заглохнет в любую минуту. Нельзя было даже оглянуться: такси остановится в любой момент и снова начнется стрельба.
Ну что, вы решили. Я ее убиваю. Стратмор мгновенно взвесил все варианты. Если он позволит Хейлу вывести Сьюзан из шифровалки и уехать, у него не будет никаких гарантий. Они уедут, потом остановятся где-нибудь в лесу.
Он распорядился установить жучок в личном компьютере Стратмора - чтобы контролировать его электронную почту, его внутриведомственную переписку, а также мозговые штурмы, которые тот время от времени предпринимал. Если Стратмор окажется на грани срыва, директор заметит первые симптомы. Но вместо признаков срыва Фонтейн обнаружил подготовительную работу над беспрецедентной разведывательной операцией, которую только можно было себе представить. Неудивительно, что Стратмор просиживает штаны на работе.
Он уже не один раз обжигался, когда полицейские чиновники выдавали себя за похотливых туристов.
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