File Name: signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia .zip
Hyperglycemia, or high blood glucose, occurs when there is too much sugar in the blood. This happens when your body has too little insulin the hormone that transports glucose into the blood , or if your body can't use insulin properly.
Hyperglycemia is high blood sugar, while hypoglycemia is low blood sugar. Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia might sound similar, but these conditions occur under different circumstances — depending on whether you have diabetes. Blood sugar, or glucose, is what your body uses for energy. Insulin is a hormone produced by your pancreas.
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Hyperglycemia, or high blood glucose, is a symptom that characterizes diabetes. Insufficient insulin production, resistance to the actions of insulin, or both can cause diabetes to develop. When a person eats carbohydrates , the body breaks them down into simple sugars that enter the bloodstream. Once this occurs, the pancreas releases insulin. When the body does not make any or enough insulin, or when the cells are unable to use the insulin correctly, blood sugar levels increase.
Ask your doctor how often you should check and what your blood sugar levels should be. Checking your blood and then treating high blood sugar early will help you avoid problems associated with hyperglycemia. If you have ketones, do not exercise. Exercising when ketones are present may make your blood sugar level go even higher. You'll need to work with your doctor to find the safest way for you to lower your blood sugar level. Cutting down on the amount of food you eat might also help.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It happens when blood sugar levels rise due to problems with the use or production of insulin. It can appear at any age, but it is more likely to occur after the age of 45 years.
Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The chronic hyperglycemia of diabetes is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of differentorgans, especially the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, and blood vessels. Several pathogenic processes are involved in the development of diabetes. The basis of the abnormalities in carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism in diabetes is deficient action of insulin on target tissues. Impairment of insulin secretion and defects in insulin action frequently coexist in the same patient, and it is often unclear which abnormality, if either alone, is the primary cause of the hyperglycemia.
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