File Name: promoting health and development in detroit through gardens and urban agriculture .zip
Since the s, urban agriculture UA has contributed to improving food security in low- and middle- income countries. Now, it is implemented as a multifunctional intervention that can influence various determinants of health eg, food security, social relationships. Studies of interest stem from several research disciplines, use a wide range of methods, and show results that are sometimes inconsistent.
In recent years, urban agriculture UA projects have bloomed throughout the world, finding large applications also in the developed economies of the so-called Global North. As compared to projects in developing countries, where research has mainly targeted the contribution to food security, UA in the Global North has a stronger multifunctional connotation, and results in multiple combinations of farming purposes and business models pursued. The present review paper explores the contribution and role that UA plays in cities from the Global North, defining its functionalities toward ecosystem services ES provisioning and analyzing the factors that hinders and promote its regional diffusion and uptake. The manuscript integrates a description of UA growing systems, as well opportunities for crop diversification in the urban environment, and a comprehensive classification of UA business models. The distinctive features in terms of business models, farming purposes and farm size are then applied over an inventory of UA projects in the Global North, allowing for a characterization and comparative analysis of distribution frequency of the different project typologies. First, it was hunting for food and caves to live in.
As the rate of urbanization increases rapidly, urban poverty and urban food insecurity are increasing as well. Urban agriculture reduces the poverty and food insecurity resulting from urbanization, while also improving the health of city residents and preserving the environment. Colin McCrate, the founder of the Seattle Urban Farm Company, emphasized the importance of urban agriculture in a recent interview. I believe that urban food production can be a part of a better functioning food supply system…as a tool for expanding and informing dialogue about our food system. The international community is beginning to recognize the integral role of urban agriculture in improving the economy, environment, and health of cities.
Urban agriculture UA is spreading within the Global North, largely for food production, ranging from household individual gardens to community gardens that boost neighborhood regeneration. To date, little attention has been paid to how stakeholders perceive UA and URF in the Mediterranean or to the role of food production in these initiatives. This study examines the promotion and inclusion of new forms of UA through the practice of URF and contributes to the nascent literature on the stakeholder and public perceptions of UA. It seeks to understand how those perceptions shape the development of new urban agriculture practices and projects. Through semi-structured interviews with 25 core stakeholders, we show that UA is largely perceived as a social activity rather than a food production initiative, because the planning of urban gardens in Barcelona was traditionally done to achieve leisure and other social goals. However, several stakeholders highlighted the potential to increase urban fertility through URF by occupying currently unused spaces. As a result, the positive valuation of URF depends on the conceptualization of UA as a social or food production activity.
Increasing demand for urban agriculture UA can be perceived as a global phenomenon. In some parts of the world its main function is to feed the rapidly growing population while in others it is more associated with lifestyle and environmental issues. Undeniably, UA provides opportunities for sustainable city development. UA can support all pillars of sustainable development: ecological, economic, and social. However, depending on existing circumstances certain pillars may be influenced more than others. In this paper we concentrate on urban allotments in Andalusia and take Baeza as an example of a city with an interesting approach to urban gardening. Our study showed that allotment gardens in Baeza endorsed all three pillars of sustainable city development.
Introduction II. Background III. Conclusion VIII. End Notes IX. Appendix A. This resource summarizes zoning laws that promote and support agriculture in urban municipalities and highlights examples of strategies from around the country.
Ahmed F. American Community Gardening Association. Nutrition Center of the Philippines. Armstrong-A, Donna. Armstrong-B DL Barham, Elizabeth. Beitz R and Doren M.
Urban agriculture, urban farming , or urban gardening is the practice of cultivating , processing, and distributing food in or around urban areas. These activities occur in peri-urban areas as well. Peri-urban agriculture may have different characteristics. Urban agriculture can reflect varying levels of economic and social development. It may be a social movement for sustainable communities, where organic growers, " foodies ," and " locavores " form social networks founded on a shared ethos of nature and community holism.
The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. Across both cities, our results suggest that the continuity of individuals' participation in growing food at community gardens and home is fragile. The motivations for home growing during the pandemic may be attributed to several factors. In addition, the spike in food prices may have served as a further incentive to start home growing. The grocery store consumer price index saw an increase of 2. While seed sales are not a valid indicator of a surge in home growing, this trend underscores an issue with potential economic implications. On the demand side, if households allocate time to gardening activities, they may do so at the expense of other activities, albeit with possible positive externalities, such as an added source of healthy food consumption and increased food security Warren et al.
Беккер отчаянно давил на тормоз, но покрышки потеряли всякое сцепление с полом. Спереди на него быстро надвигалась стена. Такси все еще продолжало крутиться, и в ожидании столкновения он сжался в комок.
Кажется, чуточку дороговато, не правда. - Да уж, - застонал. - Чуточку. - Это как будто деление на ноль.
Чатрукьян опустился на колени, вставил ключ в едва заметную скважину и повернул. Внизу что-то щелкнуло. Затем он снял наружную защелку в форме бабочки, снова огляделся вокруг и потянул дверцу на. Она была небольшой, приблизительно, наверное, метр на метр, но очень тяжелой.
Парень загородил ему дорогу. - Подними. Беккер заморгал от неожиданности. Дело принимало дурной оборот. - Ты, часом, не шутишь? - Он был едва ли не на полметра выше этого панка и тяжелее килограммов на двадцать.
Не отпускай, - сказал Стратмор, стараясь изо всех сил. - Еще чуточку. Сьюзан удалось протиснуть в щель плечо.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *