File Name: weber protestant ethic and spirit of capitalism .zip
Weber describes the capitalist spirit as the desire to constantly work and build greater and greater wealth, even when that wealth is not needed. He notes that that the capitalist spirit is not the same as capitalism itself, since it may exist in non-capitalist economies, and people not driven by endless profits may live within capitalist economies. In the capitalist spirit, one lives to work. In the traditionalist spirit, one works to live.
Luther believed this idea is found in the Bible, but Weber argues that it ultimately began with Luther, since there was no concept like it before him. According to this doctrine, human beings are unable to come to salvation on their own. Instead, God, in his providence, chose a small minority of humanity to save, even before the earth was created.
Calvinists are so intent on living this virtuous life that they shy away from any emotionalism and become rational and methodical in every aspect of life, which in turn makes them excellent workers and business owners. The Baptist sects, Weber describes, look much like Calvinism, but with the added belief that they cannot participate in politics or war, leaving business as their sole outlet for their energy and ambition, thus furthering the capitalist spirit within Protestantism.
Weber argues that it also pushes them away from experiencing pleasure in life, and as such, Protestants developed a sparse and colorless culture compared to their forefathers in history. Weber recognizes that in the modern era, religion is losing much of its former influence.
However, he firmly believes that Protestant theology effectively built the modern capitalist system into the dominant power it is today, and thus every person on earth is permanently shaped by Protestant thinking, whether they themselves are religious or not. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Plot Summary. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts.
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Max Weber wrote his best-known work after he recovered from a period of serious mental illness near the turn of the twentieth century. After he recovered, his work transitioned from enthusiastically capitalist and liberal in the tradition of Adam Smith and John Stuart Mill to much more skeptical of the down-sides of modernization, more similar to the thinking of Nietzsche and Freud. With his more complex understanding of the causes of capitalism, Weber accounts for the motivations of capitalists and the spirit of capitalism and rationalization in ways that Marx does not. Chapter 1. I could give you a lot of nice and juicy stories, what I have, but unfortunately I have to withhold myself. Okay, so the four authors. There is one important common feature in all four authors, and somewhat distinct from the theorists we studied so far.
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