File Name: handbook of chemical and biological warfare agents .zip
A chemical weapon CW is a specialized munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on humans. According to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons OPCW , "the term chemical weapon may also be applied to any toxic chemical or its precursor that can cause death, injury, temporary incapacitation or sensory irritation through its chemical action. Munitions or other delivery devices designed to deliver chemical weapons, whether filled or unfilled, are also considered weapons themselves. Chemical weapons are classified as weapons of mass destruction WMD , though they are distinct from nuclear weapons , biological weapons , and radiological weapons.
Among the Weapons of Mass Destruction, chemical warfare CW is probably one of the most brutal created by mankind in comparison with biological and nuclear warfare. Chemical weapons are inexpensive and are relatively easy to produce, even by small terrorist groups, to create mass casualties with small quantities. The characteristics of various CW agents, general information relevant to current physical as well as medical protection methods, detection equipment available and decontamination techniques are discussed in this review article. A brief note on Chemical Weapons Convention is also provided. CW agents are extremely toxic synthetic chemicals that can be dispersed as a gas, liquid or aerosol or as agents adsorbed to particles to become a powder. These CW agents have either lethal or incapacitating effects on humans.
Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents, Second Edition covers every aspect of deadly toxic chemicals used in conflicts, warfare and terrorism. Including findings from experimental as well as clinical studies, this essential reference offers in-depth coverage of individual toxicants, target organ toxicity, major incidents, toxic effects in humans, animals and wildlife, biosensors and biomarkers, on-site and laboratory analytical methods, decontamination and detoxification procedures, and countermeasures. Expanding on the ground-breaking first edition, Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents has been completely updated, presenting the most recent advances in field. Brand new chapters include a case study of the Iran-Iraq war, an overview of chemical weapons of mass destruction, explosives, Ricin, the human respiratory system, alternative testing methods, brain injuries, and more. Toxicologists, defense scientists, homeland and governmental security, and risk assessment specialists.
E-mail: rjcpblack gmail. An overview is provided of the development, historical use and properties of chemical warfare agents from until the present. The advent of large scale tactical and strategic chemical warfare occurred almost one year into World War I. More than 30 agents were used, the most effective being phosgene and sulfur mustard.
History will record as a watershed year for the role of organized medicine in the national response to terrorism. Significant terrorist events on U. The total number of international terrorist attacks in declined to , down from in However, these attacks were more deadly.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The focus of the antiterrorist efforts of the U. Thus, a terrorist runs little risk of being caught or discovered before perpetrating an attack, and the number of people exposed to the agent would depend only on how effectively the perpetrator could disseminate it.
- Джабба театральным жестом указал на громадный экран. - Дамы и господа, - он опять тяжело вздохнул, - перед вами компьютерный агрессор-камикадзе… червь. - Червь? - с недоумением переспросил Бринкерхофф. Название показалось ему чересчур земным для такого агрессора. - Червь, - недовольно сказал Джабба.
Джабба вздохнул и положил фонарик рядом с. - Мидж, во-первых, там есть резервное электроснабжение. Так что полной тьмы быть не .
Через неделю Сьюзан и еще шестерых пригласили. Сьюзан заколебалась, но все же поехала. По приезде группу сразу же разделили.
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