File Name: presidential and parliamentary form of government form.zip
In finer terms, it is the constitution, that covers all the aspects of the political system adopted by the country. There are two forms of government, Parliamentary and Presidential. In Parliamentary System, the political party winning the majority seats in the parliament makes the government and elects a person from among themselves as the Prime Minister who is the head of the Government. On the other hand, in the presidential form of government, the President is the chief executive, who is directly elected by the people or by the members of the electoral college. The difference between the Parliamentary and Presidential form of government is discussed in the article in detail.
In this article, she discussed the difference between the presidential and parliamentary forms of government, along with their advantages and disadvantages. These democratic governments can be representative or direct. In a direct democracy, political power is placed in the hands of all individuals in the state who come together to make a decision. In a representative democracy, on the other hand, individuals that are elected through an electoral process act as intermediaries between the people of the state and the policy decisions. Basically, a person elected by the people takes decisions on their behalf. Now a representative democracy can be divided into Parliamentary and Presidential democracy. In this article, we will discuss the features, advantages and disadvantages of both of these types of representative governments, and the difference between them.
Received 19 th December, ; Received in revised form 14 th January, ; Accepted 24 th February, ; Published online 31 st March, This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. A modern research shows that, both presidential and parliamentary systems are applied in democracy countries. They have advantages and disadvantages, for instance presidential system establishes the presidency and the legislature as two parallel structures. Furthermore, Presidential system provides more stability than a prime minister who can be dismissed at any time. However, other researchers observed that, Presidential system is tendency towards authoritarianism. On the other hand, parliamentary system is a democratic form of government in which the people vote for those who represent the political parties.
In the previous unit, we discussed some of the major concepts like rights, citizenship, justice and liberty, based on which the relation between the individual and state could be determined. The above concepts become more meaningful in the context of the particular form government that prevails in a state. The present unit therefore introduces you to the various forms of government.
A presidential system is a form of government in which a head of government president leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch. This head of government is in most cases also the head of state. In presidential countries, the head of government is elected and is not responsible to the legislature, which cannot usually in normal circumstances dismiss it. Such dismissal is possible, however, in uncommon cases, often through impeachment. The title " president " has persisted from a time when such person personally presided over the governing body, as with the President of the Continental Congress in the early United States , prior to the executive function being split into a separate branch of government. A presidential system contrasts with a parliamentary system , where the head of government comes to power by gaining the confidence of an elected legislature.
Countries with such a system include Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom as well as Portugal. The Constitution of India provides for a parliamentary form of.
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