File Name: state conflict and democracy in africa .zip
A distinction must be drawn between inter-state and intra-state conflicts, although recognizing that the two could be mutually reinforcing. The former were more prevalent in the immediate post-independence period, reflecting many border disputes and the politics of the Cold War.
By engaging the colonial factor in African conflicts, this article seeks to understand the ineffectiveness of efforts at conflict management in overcoming the disasters that brought the conflicts to the African continent. It claims that conflict in Africa does not always stem primarily from crises of national governance and the failure of governmental institutions in African countries to mediate conflict, and revisits the colonial factor as the root of many conflicts in Africa. The article reconsiders the conflict management and conflict resolution debate and indicts former colonial powers and powerful organisations for maintaining colonial-style approaches to African conflicts at the expense of a desire to address the fundamental issues that divide the parties to the different conflicts. I am sure that none of you would want to rest content with the superficial kind of social analysis that deals mainly with effects and does not grapple with underlying causes Martin Luther King Jr The conflict resolution community seems to pursue conflict resolution efforts in Africa from a variety of purposes and interests and with policies that are often replete with ambiguities and contradictions. This situation may be the reason why many African conflicts may be silenced but remain largely unresolved.
While the African Union AU is leading overarching efforts to establish continent-wide norms for acceptable political conduct, regional institutions are also contributing substantially to democratization and peacebuilding in their neighborhoods. However, country-level commitment to democratic governance remains uneven and inconsistent. African regional institutions are playing major roles in democratization and conflict management. This reflects, in part, efforts since the early s to transform the African Union AU into a strong, collective security and norm-building mechanism. However, although the AU and RECs have articulated norms and institutions on democratic governance and security, these norms have yet to be firmly accepted and implemented. Regional institutions are attempting to make normative and behavioral alterations in circumstances where the values of democratization remain contested and where resource constraints limit their ability to implement these norms. Regional approaches are strongly needed in Africa to overcome economic fragmentation and political vulnerabilities, but nationalistic tendencies hamper the capability of African institutions to become loci of meaningful integration.
AJOL and the millions of African and international researchers who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution. Your donation is guaranteed to directly contribute to Africans sharing their research output with a global readership. Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer. Abstract Challenges to post-conflict leadership in African states highlight the need for democratic capacity building, with clear participatory processes involving communities and the leadership as a necessary condition to mitigate new or resurrected conflicts. This article explores transformational leadership and how it relates to democratic capacity building in Rwanda. We argue that community capacity building through grassroots leadership is a necessary and sufficient ingredient for the development and sustenance of democracy in postconflict societies.
Oslo: PRIO. A record number of 13 conflicts were fought over territory. Internationalized civil wars are also at an all-time high. In , Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Somalia, and Burundi all saw external involvement in their domestic conflicts. Multiple statebased conflicts in Africa are related to the rise and expansion of the Islamic State IS.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Joseph Published Political Science.
Единственный исполнитель. Сьюзан пронзила ужасная мысль. Этой своей мнимой перепиской Танкадо мог убедить Стратмора в чем угодно.
Он ни за что не установил бы переключатель, позволяющий действовать в обход… - Стратмор заставил. - Она не дала ему договорить. Бринкерхофф почти физически ощущал, как интенсивно работают клеточки ее мозга. - Помнишь, что случилось в прошлом году, когда Стратмор занимался антисемитской террористической группой в Калифорнии? - напомнила. Бринкерхофф кивнул. Это было одним из крупнейших достижений Стратмора.
Part 1 Introduction and Overview: State, Conflict and Democracy in Africa, R. Joseph Democratization in Africa - Toward a Balance Sheet, C. Young Rethinking.
Фил физически ощущал, что времени остается все меньше. Он знал: все уверены, что он ушел. В шуме, доносившемся из-под пола шифровалки, в его голове звучал девиз лаборатории систем безопасности: Действуй, объясняться будешь. В мире высоких ставок, в котором от компьютерной безопасности зависело слишком многое, минуты зачастую означали спасение системы или ее гибель. Трудно было найти время для предварительного обоснования защитных мер.
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