File Name: lawrence summers women are underrepresented in science and math careers .zip
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Faculty diversity in U. The state of women in academic medicine: The pipelines and pathways to leadership ,
A sk Dr. Clemmons is a monthly advice column for scientists and engineers who are seeking top-notch academic, career, and personal development advice. Please read the introductory article to see what the column is all about, and then send me a question of your own! With all of the recent attention and controversy surrounding the comments made by the president of Harvard University, Lawrence H. Summers, I have become confused. In fact, I have been planning most of my life to attend Harvard and have studied extremely hard to assure that I gain admission. But when I learned Summers thought there might be a "genetic" explanation for a lack of scientific capability on the part of women and people of color especially African-Americans , I began to think twice about whether Harvard is the place for me.
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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Joan C. This paper summarizes research that examines the relationship between hiring, promotion, and salary for tenure track science and social science faculty using data from the Survey of Doctorate Recipients SDR. Gender differences in hiring and promotion can be explained by observable characteristics. However, gender differences in salaries persist at the full professor rank. In particular, women in science and social science are less likely to have tenure track jobs within five years of the doctorate when compared with men.
Lawrence Summers suggested that innate differences between men and women might be one reason fewer women succeed in science and math careers. In addition, Summers questioned how much of a role discrimination plays in the scarcity of female professors in science and engineering at elite universities. His comments were made at an event co-sponsored by the Alfred P. His comments have been refuted by many researchers and Dr. Summers has issued three increasingly groveling apologies. Here are his actual remarks and some links to articles that appeared in response to his remarks. There are also links to the apologies made by Dr.
Similarly, professional advice and support networks are important to understanding the advancement of scientific careers. This research aims to marry these two lines of research to investigate and compare the ways in which men and women scientists seek advice and support from women in their networks. Using a sample of academic scientists in nonmedical biology, chemistry, computer science, earth and atmospheric sciences, electrical engineering, and physics we assess the extent to which women and men scientists seek advice and support from women in their networks. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Exact question wording: Q1. Over the past two academic years, which individuals at your university have been your closest research collaborators?
Treasury Department official throughout President Clinton 's administration ultimately Treasury Secretary , — ,    and former director of the National Economic Council for President Obama — In , he was promoted to Deputy Secretary of the Treasury under his long-time political mentor Robert Rubin. In , he succeeded Rubin as Secretary of the Treasury. While working for the Clinton administration, Summers played a leading role in the American response to the economic crisis in Mexico , the Asian financial crisis , and the Russian financial crisis. He was also influential in the Harvard Institute for International Development and American-advised privatization of the economies of the post-Soviet states , and in the deregulation of the U. S financial system, including the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act.
might be one reason fewer women succeed in science and math careers. The Science & Engineering Workforce: Women, Underrepresented Minorities, And This is a link to the actual text of Lawrence Summers' remarks. Shinn, Professor of Psychology at New York University imstea.org
Many scholars and policymakers have noted that the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics STEM have remained predominantly male with historically low participation among women since the origins of these fields in the 18th century during the Age of Enlightenment. Scholars are exploring the various reasons for the continued existence of this gender disparity in STEM fields. Those who view this disparity as resulting from discriminatory forces are also seeking ways to redress this disparity within STEM fields these typically construed as well-compensated, high-status professions with universal career appeal.
The presence of women in science spans the earliest times of the history of science wherein they have made significant contributions. Historians with an interest in gender and science have researched the scientific endeavors and accomplishments of women, the barriers they have faced, and the strategies implemented to have their work peer-reviewed and accepted in major scientific journals and other publications.
The presence of women in science spans the earliest times of the history of science wherein they have made significant contributions. Historians with an interest in gender and science have researched the scientific endeavors and accomplishments of women, the barriers they have faced, and the strategies implemented to have their work peer-reviewed and accepted in major scientific journals and other publications. The historical, critical, and sociological study of these issues has become an academic discipline in its own right. The involvement of women in medicine occurred in several early western civilizations , and the study of natural philosophy in ancient Greece was open to women.
Хейл лично знаком с Танкадо. И снова постаралась держаться с подчеркнутым безразличием. - Он поздравил меня с обнаружением черного хода в Попрыгунчике, - продолжал Хейл.
Последний шифр, введенный в ТРАНСТЕКСТ… - Она замолчала. - Что. - Забавно, - сказала. - Последний файл из намеченных на вчера был загружен в одиннадцать сорок. - И .
Алло. - Сьюзан, это Дэвид. Я тебя разбудил.
Сьюзан смотрела на эти буквы, и они расплывались перед ее слезящимися глазами. Под вертикальной панелью она заметила еще одну с пятью пустыми кнопками. Шифр из пяти букв, сказала она себе и сразу же поняла, каковы ее шансы его угадать: двадцать шесть в пятой степени, 11 881 376 вариантов.
Он снова ответил Да. Мгновение спустя компьютер подал звуковой сигнал. СЛЕДОПЫТ ОТОЗВАН Хейл улыбнулся.
Стратмор чуть ли не вбежал в комнату. - Сьюзан, - сказал он, - только что позвонил Дэвид.
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