File Name: electronic symbols and uses .zip
In electronic circuits, there are many electronic symbols that are used to represent or identify a basic electronic or electrical device. NO changes can be brought by the user on any electronic symbol, but the user is free to bring any changes in the architectural drawings like power source and lighting. The symbols for different electronic devices are shown below.
To be able to read schematics you must know the schematic symbols. A large and a small line is suppose to represent one battery cell so that the image below would suggest a two-cell battery of 3 V. But usually people just draw the battery symbol with one or two cells no matter what voltage it is. Capacitors are either polarized or not.
A battery is a device consisting of one or more cells that produces electricity from a chemical reaction and is used as a source of power. A capacitor is an electronic component made up of two conductors plates , separated by a dielectric or insulating material, which accumulates electric charge when connected to a power source. Common uses for capacitor: Stores electric charge. Acts as a filter to smooth out variations in a direct current. Blocks DC and permits AC in a circuit.
Couples or bonds electrical signals from one part of the circuit to another. A capacitor with no implicit polarity and, therefore, can be connected either way in a circuit.
A capacitor with positive and negative leads and can be connected only one way in a circuit. A capacitor whose capacitance may be intentionally and repeatedly changed mechanically or electronically. Used mostly in radio tuning circuits, hence, the name tuning capacitor.
A miniature variable capacitor designed for providing extremely small increases in capacitance. It is a trimmer when connected in parallel with another capacitor and a padder when connected in series with another capacitor. A wafer of natural quartz or any piezoelectric material having a definite thickness that vibrates to create an electrical signal with a very precise frequency. Its main uses are in oscillator circuits, clocks, radios, computers and cellphones.
A semiconductor component which allows current to flow through it in only one direction. When the correct voltage polarity is applied, the diode is in a forward bias condition, and when the polarity is incorrect, it is in a reverse bias condition. To detect or separate the signal from radio. Used mainly as an indicator lamp in many devices. A photodiode is a semiconductor component that allows current flow when exposed to light. A Zener diode is a special kind of diode which allows current to flow in the forward direction same as an ideal diode, but will also permit it to flow in the reverse direction when the voltage is above a certain value known as the breakdown voltage, " or "Zener voltage.
A coil or solenoid that generates magnetic field that induces or creates voltage. Inductor has two types: an air core whereby it is just a wound of wire and a magnetic core which is a coil of wire wound on a ferrite.
An inductor with a core that can be moved into or out of the coil, increasing or decreasing the number of turns of a coil, which in turn increases or decreases the inductance. Also called a chip, an IC is a miniaturized electronic circuit consisting of several interconnected active devices transistors, diodes and passive components resistors, capacitors, etc.
Op Amp is a form of linear IC that has two inputs, called inverting and non-inverting, and a singleOperational Amplifier Op ended output which produces an output voltage that Amp is typically hundreds of thousands times larger than the voltage difference between its input terminals. Loudspeaker A loudspeaker or "speaker" is a transducer that produces sound in response to an electrical audio signal input.
A meter is an electrical or electronic measuring instrument having a dial or digital display as an indicator. Ammeter is a measuring instrument used to measure electric current in a circuit. Its unit of measurement is called ampere A. An ohmmeter is a measuring instrument used to measure the electrical resistance.
The unit of measurement is called ohm. A voltmeter is a measuring instrument used to measure the potential difference or voltage between two points in an electric circuit.
The unit of measurement is called volt V. A microphone is a transducer or sensor that converts sound into an electrical signal. A relay is an electromechanical device having one or more contacts that are opened and closed by a magnetic field. This magnetic field is generated by its own built-in electromagnet that can be activated by an external circuit.
A resistor is an electronic component that resists or reduces the flow of current in a circuit. There are two kinds, fixed and variable. A variable resistor has a resistance track made of carbon or cermat a mixture of metal and ceramic with a wiper that slides along the track to pick off selected voltages. A potentiometer is a variable resistor with three terminals, two of which are connected to the voltage source and the third one to the wiper to select a specific voltage from that source.
A rheostat is a variable resistor with two terminals, one of which goes to one end of the track and the other goes directly to the wiper to vary the level of the source. A thermistor is a temperature-sensitive resistor having a high resistance when its cold and a very low resistance when its heated. A thyristor is a semiconductor device that consists of four alternating layers of N-type and P-type material and functions as a bistable switch it starts conducting when its gate receives a pulse of current.
A transformer is a device consisting of two or more coils coupled together by magnetic induction that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another. Usual application is to convert a volt AC line into a lower secondary winding voltage.
A transistor is an active semiconductor device that controls the flow of electric current and is used in a variety of applications such as a switch, amplifier, rectifier and oscillator. It has three electrical connections or electrodes which are called base, emitter and collector. A phototransistor is a light-sensitive transistor. It is an ordinary transistor that conducts electric current when light shines on it.
Its base is usually left unconnected in a circuit. Open navigation menu. Close suggestions Search Search. User Settings. Skip carousel. Carousel Previous. Carousel Next. What is Scribd? Uploaded by Gil Nacario. Document Information click to expand document information Description: Electronics components symbols and its functions. Date uploaded Jun 15, Did you find this document useful?
Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document. Description: Electronics components symbols and its functions. Flag for inappropriate content. Download now. Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Zener Diode Fuse Inductor Variable Inductor Integrated Circuit IC Op Amp is a form of linear IC that has two inputs, called inverting and non-inverting, and a singleOperational Amplifier Op ended output which produces an output voltage that Amp is typically hundreds of thousands times larger than the voltage difference between its input terminals.
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A battery is a device consisting of one or more cells that produces electricity from a chemical reaction and is used as a source of power. A capacitor is an electronic component made up of two conductors plates , separated by a dielectric or insulating material, which accumulates electric charge when connected to a power source. Common uses for capacitor: Stores electric charge. Acts as a filter to smooth out variations in a direct current. Blocks DC and permits AC in a circuit. Couples or bonds electrical signals from one part of the circuit to another.
Today, circuit symbols and their usage has been pretty much standardised. This enables anyone to read a circuit diagram and know what it does relatively quickly. Schematic symbols are used to represent different electronic components and devices in circuit diagrams from wires to batteries and passive components to semiconductors, logic circuits and highly complicated integrated circuits. By using a common set of circuit symbols in schematics, it is possible for electronic engineers around the globe to communicate circuit information concisely and without ambiguity. It does not take too long to learn what the different circuit symbols mean. Often this comes along when learning about general electronics anyway.
Learning about basic electronics and creating your own projects is a lot easier than you may think. You will then learn about schematic diagrams and how they are used to design and build circuits. And finally, you will put this information to use by creating your first basic circuit. Before you get started, make sure your electronic workbench is properly set up. The most popular option is to use clear plastic storage boxes for storing parts.
Electronic component symbols are used to denote the components in circuit diagrams. There are standard symbols for each of the components which represent that particular component. Here in this article, we are explaining some basic and mostly used electronic components with their symbols. Symbol of the resistor is represented by Zig-Zag lines between two terminals. It is a common and widely used symbol in schematics.
An electronic symbol is a pictogram used to represent various electrical and electronic devices or functions, such as wires , batteries , resistors , and transistors , in a schematic diagram of an electrical or electronic circuit. These symbols are largely standardized internationally today, but may vary from country to country, or engineering discipline, based on traditional conventions. The graphic symbols used for electrical components in circuit diagrams are covered by national and international standards, in particular:. The number of standards leads to confusion and errors. For example, lighting and power symbols used as part of architectural drawings may be different from symbols for devices used in electronics. Symbols shown are typical examples, not a complete list. IEC -style trace junction.
Прости меня, Дэвид, - прошептала .
Он поехал в Испанию не ради денег. Он сделал это из-за Сьюзан. Коммандер Тревор Стратмор - ее наставник и покровитель.
Сеньор Ролдан забирал большую часть ее заработка себе, но без него ей пришлось бы присоединиться к бесчисленным шлюхам, что пытаются подцепить пьяных туристов в Триане. А у ее клиентов по крайней мере есть деньги. Они ее не бьют, им легко угодить. Росио натянула ночную рубашку, глубоко вздохнула и открыла дверь в комнату.
Танкадо знал, что вы испробуете различные варианты, пока не наткнетесь на что-нибудь подходящее. NDAKOTA - слишком простое изменение. - Возможно, - сказал Стратмор, потом нацарапал несколько слов на бумажке и протянул ее Сьюзан. - Взгляни-ка на. Прочитав написанное, Сьюзан поняла ход мысли коммандера.
Сьюзан сладко потянулась и взялась за. Она загрузила программу Следопыт и, приготовившись отправиться на охоту, взглянула на адрес электронной почты, который вручил ей Стратмор. NDAKOTAARA. ANON. ORG У человека, назвавшегося Северной Дакотой, анонимные учетные данные, но Сьюзан знала, что это ненадолго.
Перед ним была высокая стена, деревянная скамья и больше. Он посмотрел вверх, на крышу трехэтажного дома, развернулся и бросился назад, но почти тут же остановился. В некотором отдалении от него возникла фигура человека, приближавшегося медленно и неотвратимо. В руке его поблескивал пистолет. Беккер, отступая к стене, вновь обрел способность мыслить четко и ясно.
И в следующее мгновение не осталось ничего, кроме черной бездны. ГЛАВА 102 Стратмор спустился на нижний этаж ТРАНСТЕКСТА и ступил с лесов в дюймовый слой воды на полу. Гигантский компьютер содрогался мелкой дрожью, из густого клубящегося тумана падали капли воды. Сигналы тревоги гремели подобно грому. Коммандер посмотрел на вышедший из строя главный генератор, на котором лежал Фил Чатрукьян.
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