File Name: 73rd and 74th amendment of indian constitution .zip
How does it hinder the accomplishment of economic democracy? The question is with respect to local self-government — The 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments that provided for devolution of power to Panchayats and Municipalities and the lacunae posed by it. The answer must analyse why the local self-government systems in India have remained an unfinished agenda and thus failing the goal of economic democracy. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. Briefly narrate the significance of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments. The discussion should have the following points :.
Local government in India refers to governmental jurisdictions below the level of the state. India is a federal republic with three spheres of government: central, state and local. The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local governments and in addition each state has its own local government legislation. Urban localities, covered in the 74th amendment to the Constitution,  have Nagar Palika but derive their powers from the individual state governments, while the powers of rural localities have been formalized under the panchayati raj system, under the 73rd amendment to the Constitution. Following the local election,
The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts, , which gave Constitutional status to panchayati raj institutions PRIs and urban local bodies ULBs respectively, in both letter and spirit in order to bring about greater decentralisation and increase the involvement of the community in planning and implementing schemes and, thus, increase accountability. The Amendments left important matters such as implementation, service delivery including local capacity building and transfer of responsibilities and powers to rural local bodies at the discretion of the state legislatures. Consequently, while expenditure responsibilities of local bodies are extensively enhanced, there is no law to ensure a corresponding assignment of funds to match the additional responsibilities. Basic units of democratic system-Gram Sabhas villages and Ward Committees Municipalities comprising all the adult members registered as voters. One-third of the total number of seats to be reserved for women.
Article 40 of the Indian constitution directs the government to establish panchayats to serve as institutions of local self-government. Most states implemented this directive principle along the lines of the recommendations of the Balwantarai Mehta Commission Report. Block block is the larger sub unit of a district council or panchayat saphithi at the Block level, and the district council or the Zilla Parishad at the district level. Introduction of PRIs was hailed as one of the most important political initiatives in India. The panchayat raj system has been experiencing ups and downs over the years. The activities of these institutions are broad based but its resource base is very weak. In view of this, the PRIs constituted in various states could not live up to the expectations of the people.
the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment. Acts, amendment Act in respect of the Fifth and Sixth Schedule Areas will be implemented. • The UPA.
The revitalization of Panchayati Raj manifested through the 73rd Constitutional Amendment owes its origin to the dynamic leadership of Rajiv Gandhi. With events moving at a faster pace, Panchayati Raj emerged as a major institutional channel of such administration. In addition, the act has also added a new Twelfth Schedule to the Constitution. It contains eighteen functional items of municipalities.
Ну, может, дошел какой-нибудь слушок. - Мидж, послушай. - Он засмеялся. - Попрыгунчик - древняя история.
В вашем номере проститутка.
Глаза ее были полны слез. - Прости меня, Дэвид, - прошептала. - Я… я не могу.
Второй - молодой темноволосый, в окровавленной рубашке. - Халохот - тот, что слева, - пояснил Смит. - Он мертв? - спросил директор. - Да, сэр. Фонтейн понимал, что сейчас не время для объяснении.
Как, вы сказали, имя девушки, которую нанял ваш брат. - Рыжеволосая, - сказал Беккер, уклоняясь от ответа.
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