File Name: pronouns i and me rules .zip
In order to understand pronoun — antecedent agreement, you must first understand pronouns. A pronoun is a word used to stand for or take the place of a noun. Below are the personal pronouns. Either of these nouns can be replaced by a pronoun. If we replace John the subject of the sentence with a pronoun, we choose he , a subject pronoun. If we replace man the object in the sentence with a pronoun, we choose him , an object pronoun.
Rewrite the following sentence in the space provided, first replacing the subject noun Laura with a subject pronoun; then replacing the object noun Amy with an object pronoun. These sample sentences tell us some important things about pronouns:. A pronoun takes the place of a noun. The pronoun which replaces the noun must agree with it in these ways:. An object pronoun must replace an object noun. A masculine pronoun must replace a masculine noun. A plural pronoun must replace a plural noun.
We must replace the singular , masculine subject noun, John , with the singular , masculine subject pronoun, He. We can replace the singular , feminine object noun, woman , with singular , feminine object pronoun, her.
Here is another problem for you to solve. Three words describe the properties of of the pronoun he. Select the correct ones, then click on "submit" and check your answers. A pronoun can also refer to an earlier noun or pronoun in the sentence. We do not talk or write this way. More naturally, we say. The pronoun his refers to President Lincoln. Thus, the mechanics of the sentence look like this:. Look at the examples below to see how to choose the right pronoun for two antecedents joined by and , or , or nor.
NOTE: The plural pronoun their replaces both masculine and feminine nouns. Two singular antecedents. One singular antecedent followed by a plural antecedent.
One plural antecedent followed by a singular antecedent. In the above examples, C and D are the most difficult because the antecedents have both a singular and a plural noun. Remember these two guidelines. For antecedents joined by and — always choose a plural referent pronoun. For antecedents joined by or or nor — choose a referent pronoun to agree with the antecedent closest to the verb. Now click on the link below to do Exercise 1.
Link to Exercise 1. Some nouns which name groups can be either singular or plural, depending upon their meaning in individual sentences. However, the following guidelines can help us decide which referent pronoun agrees with such noun antecedents. First, if we refer to the group as a whole, and therefore, as a single unit, we consider the noun as a singular. In this case, we use a singular referent pronoun.
On the other hand, if we are actually referring to the individuals with the group, then we consider the noun plural. In this case, we use a plural referent pronoun.
Here, each member of the class is considered separately. The students in the class will each hand in a report. Of course, we can make group nouns plural as well, usually by adding an s.
Some examples of plural group nouns are:. When used in the plural form, a group noun means more than one group. It naturally takes a plural referent pronoun. Remember these three important points about pronoun — antecedent agreement when a group noun is the antecedent:.
Group nouns considered as single units take singular referent pronouns. Group nouns which consider the members as individuals in the group take plural referent pronouns. Plural group nouns meaning two or more groups take plural referent pronouns.
Now click on the link below to do Exercise 2. Link to Exercise 2. Sometimes a personal pronoun may be an antecedent. In this sentence, he is the antecedent for the referent pronoun his. In the following sentence, she is the antecedent for the referent pronoun her. In this sentence, I is the antecedent for the referent pronoun, my. My is singular to agree with the singular antecedent, I. A referent pronoun agrees with its personal pronoun antecedent.
Now click on the link below to do Exercise 3. Link to Exercise 3. Indefinite pronouns as antecedents also pose a special problem. Some indefinite pronouns seem as if they should be plural when really they are singular. Look at them closely. However, the following indefinite pronoun antecedents may be either singular or plural , depending upon how they are used in a sentence.
Generally speaking, if one of these indefinite pronouns is used to designate something that CAN be counted, then the pronoun is plural. If one of these indefinite pronouns is used to designate something that CANNOT be counted, then the pronoun is singular.
In the above sentence, all designates the voters. Voters can be counted 1 voter, 2 voters, etc. Therefore, the plural pronoun their is the correct referent for all.
In the above sentence, all designates sugar. Sugar cannot be counted 1 sugar, 2 sugars. Therefore, the singular pronoun, its , is the correct referent for all. In the above sentence, all designates some unnamed people e. Campers, ranchers — people — CAN be counted. Now click on the link below to do Exercise 4. Link to Exercise 4. You have now reached the end of this unit. If you are doing this module on your own time, you have completed the learning unit on avoiding problems with pronoun - antecedent agreement.
If you are doing this module as part of your classroom assignment, proceed to the Post Test and follow the directions you find there. Click on the link below to do the Post Test. Link to the Post Test.
First person pronouns in the direct speech change according to the subject of the reporting verb in the indirect speech. Second person pronouns in the direct speech change according to the object of the reporting verb in the indirect speech. Third person pronouns in the direct speech will not change in the indirect speech. While changing the pronouns in the manner stated above, it should be noted that the new changed pronoun will have the same case and number as the original one. I will change into he, she, you or it.
Basic Rules. • A pronoun takes the place of a specific noun. • Examples of pronouns include I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, him, her, us, them, hers, his.
Many English speakers wonder whether it is better to use subject pronouns I , he , she , we , they or object pronouns me , him , her , us , them after comparatives than and as. Is there a problem with any of these sentences? Which are preferable? The answer depends on how one views their grammatical structure, and involves important differences in formality.
A pronoun is a word used in place of noun and in a sentence pronoun is used to avoid the repetition of a noun. Pronoun rules in English grammar , here we have top 17 rules in which we cover all concepts related to the pronoun. When the subject of the verb is the receiver of the action, the action is said to be reflected.
The Pronoun Rules. Pronouns are cool. There! I said it. Of course, I only said it on the assumption that no schoolyard bullies would be able to hunt me down and.
Jump to navigation. Do you want to practise using pronouns in English? Play our grammar games and have fun while you learn. I am from France. I speak French. They are on holiday.
Click on picture to view a small preview of each activity. Click on Doc or PDF to download worksheets in preferred format. Pronouns serve both syntactic and semantic functions within sentences. They can serve as subjects, objects, direct objects, and indirect objects; they can do anything that nouns can do. Pronouns reduce both redundancy a good thing and specificity a not so good thing.
Comparing Numbers. Daily Math Review.
In order to understand pronoun — antecedent agreement, you must first understand pronouns. A pronoun is a word used to stand for or take the place of a noun. Below are the personal pronouns. Either of these nouns can be replaced by a pronoun. If we replace John the subject of the sentence with a pronoun, we choose he , a subject pronoun.
Let me help you use pronouns correctly without any unnecessary jargon. We can divide pronouns into three categories:. Example: I hit the ball. Who hit the ball? I did.
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