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Pros And Cons Of Servant Leadership Pdf

pros and cons of servant leadership pdf

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The above quote lays its premise on a leadership theory that has gone to challenge traditional leadership models. Servant leadership combines both practical advice on how to be a better leader, as well as the philosophical notions of what it is to be a good leader.

Servant leadership is based on a simple concept: that as an employee, a worker is present to serve the organization. As one moves up higher into leadership, then there are more people to serve. That goes against the thinking that there are more people to serve the leader when they reach an executive status. Here are the pros and cons to consider when implementing an environment which includes servant leadership. Decisions are based on the benefit of all.

Servant Leadership Guide: Definition, Qualities, Pros & Cons, Examples

Servant Leadership is a selfless leadership style that focuses on improving both people and organizations. Great servant leaders typically have good listening skills, lots of empathy, the ability to develop others, good persuasion skills, and big picture thinking abilities. Servant leadership often leads to high employee engagement, highly motivated employees, and a strong sense of ethics.

Servant leadership can sadly lead to much focus on the individuals with less focus on the actual goals of the organization as a consequence. A servant leader needs to have very little or a complete lack of ego — this is an unusual trait among leaders. If you are interested in a book on this topic, check out Servant Leadership: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness written by Robert Greenleaf who came up with this leadership style.

There are some leaders who transform the positive qualities of servitude into strong leadership qualities. This is the framework of servant leadership — one of the most humbling of all leadership styles. I personally prefer a more versatile style: Six Leadership styles by Goleman. Check out our video on Servant Leadership below if you prefer that medium, or keep on reading for great insights on servant leadership and how to become a great servant leader.

Servant leadership was first conceptualized by Robert K. He described two broad categories of leaders:. A person who is a leader-first is more concerned with exerting power and achieving personal gains. On the other hand, a servant-first leader puts people first. The servant-first leader strives to help people grow and make a lasting positive impact on society.

Ultimately, a servant leader relinquishes most of his or her authority. These are strong elements also present in democratic leadership style and transformational leadership style. Greenleaf suggested that servant leaders should display eight qualities. See our brief overview in the image below. Each of the characteristics is described additionally in the text below. A servant leader is only able to meet the needs of those being served if those needs are understood.

Therefore, listening is important, especially active listening where a lot of questions are also asked. This leader should understand verbal and nonverbal cues in order to effectively discern the true needs that should be met.

Article tip: Why should leaders speak last? Empathy is a big part of servant leadership. This quality enables the servant leader to identify with and care for team members. For more information, read Is empathy important in leadership? There is much more to a person than the work he or she is able to produce.

Servant leaders look at the holistic wellness of those they lead. They want their team to be well mentally, spiritually, physically, and emotionally. For an even more dedicated style on developing people, read about coaching leadership and how to create a leadership development plan.

Servant leaders are emotionally intelligent. Emotional intelligence helps servant leaders identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats within a team. Equipped with this knowledge, the servant leader can work with the team to improve the organization. This is well described in Primal Leadership, by Daniel Goleman.

I find that framework even more useful than servant leadership. We have a video on our Youtube channel: Emotional Intelligence video.

Or you can watch it right here on this page:. Watch this video and learn how to improve your EI today! All this empathy, holistic development and concern helps the servant leader achieve the primary objective of leadership — the development of an organization. In essence, the very nature of servant leadership helps him or her persuade the team to achieve its true potential.

Big picture thinking adds a visionary element to servant leadership. Therefore, servant leaders are able to conceptualize a plan for the way forward. This helps them encourage the team to do the day-to-day tasks necessary to achieve the ultimate goal. Servant leaders learn from past mistakes so that the organization can improve going forward. They also frame present realities with this historical evidence in mind and use this information to make future decisions.

Perhaps the biggest contributor is that servant leadership builds on good listening skills which combined with empathy means that the leader gets a lot of input from the organization in order to make informed decisions. Similarities with democratic leadership and transformational leadership. This leader is also concerned about the growth of the community in which the organization is based.

There are always ways for the team to add social value. The giving nature of servant leadership has some similarities to the love and care of spiritual leadership. Keep reading or check out our main article on leadership styles for information about more than a dozen other useful leadership styles. The primary difference between a servant leader and a transformational leader is that servant leaders develop the people within the organization and community while transformational leaders inspire people within the organization to work towards a common goal.

A transformational leader does care about each team member. However, the time and care a servant leader would take to develop each team member is missing.

A leader using servant leadership genuinely cares about the team. People thrive in these settings and are highly motivated to put out their best efforts. Team members are, therefore, more likely to be loyal to the organization.

Compare with Affiliative leadership which is also focused on caring. A team works best when the opinions of all team members are valued, in a similar fashion as in democratic leadership. Servant leaders facilitate collaborative decision-making. They understand that each person brings a unique set of experiences and ideas. Furthermore, those on the front lines tend to understand more than upper-level management.

Remember to stand back with your own opinions to let others be heard: Why should leaders always speak last? Servant leadership means setting strong examples of truly ethical leadership. Although ideas are welcomed, those ideas that negatively impact the organization are rejected.

Additionally, the servant leader leads by example and tends not to do anything unethical. Relationship building forms an important part of servant leadership. It takes time. Team members need to be engaged and the leader has to take the time to understand who they are and what motivates them. Understanding their needs and creating solutions to meet those needs take time. There are some industries where servant leadership is a misfit.

A servant leader should bear this in mind and learn how to strike the delicate balance between the two and not sacrifice the purpose of the organization in favor of people development. After all, most organizations need some elements of pacesetting leadership as well.

Servant leadership can decrease employee motivation. The team starts off with a huge burst of motivation because they feel like they matter. However, that can eventually take a turn for the worse if the leader has to step in to solve specific problems or challenges.

Why exert extra effort when the leader solves the problem him or herself anyway? Self-sacrificing behavior is a common feature of servant leadership. This makes servant leaders hard to find since most leaders like the sense of power and control.

Ego has no place in servant leadership. A certain level of ego is a normal contributor for people to strive for leadership positions. Keep on reading on how to be good at servant leadership as well as some experiences from my career below, or go to our main article with information on more than a dozen leadership styles. Servant leadership can create a beautiful work environment if you know how to use it well.

Remember that it should come from a genuine place; people can detect fake and inauthentic servant leaders. Here are some tips for effective deployment and usage of servant leadership. Also, you might want to check out this book at Amazon: Servant Leadership in Action. You have to develop a mindset of service — you are there to serve.

The crux of your role relies on helping each team member grow. Hence, servant leadership can be difficult to scale in larger organizations. Some additional advice can be found in our article on the Coaching Leadership Style. You might also consider creating leadership development plans for yourself and managers that report to you. Establishing a charity arm of the organization also helps the team understand the importance of their social responsibility.

Learn how to influence culture as a leader , this is crucial for wider and deeper culture changes. Communication is critical for servant leadership. You should become an active listener and learn how to pick up on non-verbal cues. I recommend reading the book Verbal Judo Amazon to get a good platform on communication basics as well as our article 17 tips to improve communication. You can find the middle ground between developing your team and ensuring that goals are met. You can show genuine empathy and care for your team while helping the organization succeed.

Servant Leadership Theory Strengths and Weaknesses

Like all leadership styles, the affiliative leadership style also comes with pros and cons. It is the most common type of leadership style used in large corporate environments, international agreements, and military operations. However, decisions will be up to the person at top. People who work with a leader that practices the democratic leadership style tend to form closer, more supportive bonds with one another compared to leaders using other leadership styles. Privacy Policy Disclaimer Permissions Policy. Visionary leaders create a vision and lead team members to achieve that vision.

Servant Leadership is a selfless leadership style that focuses on improving both people and organizations. Great servant leaders typically have good listening skills, lots of empathy, the ability to develop others, good persuasion skills, and big picture thinking abilities. Servant leadership often leads to high employee engagement, highly motivated employees, and a strong sense of ethics. Servant leadership can sadly lead to much focus on the individuals with less focus on the actual goals of the organization as a consequence. A servant leader needs to have very little or a complete lack of ego — this is an unusual trait among leaders. If you are interested in a book on this topic, check out Servant Leadership: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness written by Robert Greenleaf who came up with this leadership style.

One of the most crucial aspects of running a business is choosing an effective leadership model to help ensure success. The servant leadership model has become an increasingly popular choice in recent years because it focuses on meeting the needs of employees and empowering them to do their best work. First developed by Robert K. Greenleaf in , the model rejects the traditional authoritarian stance of most business structures in favor of business owners who are empathetic and responsive to employee needs and are interested in both personal and professional growth. In a management setting, managers delegate tasks and provide constant support to team members through research, gathering supplies and continuing education. One of the most obvious limitations of servant leadership is that leaders must be willing to give up absolute authority.

Problems With the Servant Leadership Model

Servant leadership is a style of leadership that heavily emphasizes the good of workers and subordinates. From a managerial perspective, the benefits of servant leadership are many. It is a leadership style that is focused on and prioritizes not organizational goals, but the well-being of those employed within an organization. With such a heavy emphasis on the good of those working within an organization, it should not be surprising that this leadership style has an impact on the relationship between leaders and workers. Servant leadership is linked with increased trust in a leader.

The world of management is stuffed with different styles of leadership. You can choose among transactional, transformational, democratic, autocratic, bureaucratic and charismatic leadership styles, to name a few. Each offers a different approach to decision-making in the workplace. Servant leadership is a relatively new approach where your priority is helping others, such as your employees, succeed. The goal of servant leadership can be summed up as empowering your employees and keeping them happy.

The basic idea of servant leadership is that, first and foremost, we are here to serve the organization. The higher we move up in the organization, the more people we are there to serve, not the more people who are there to serve us. You might be thinking, "yeah, that all sounds great, but how will I get any of my work done if I am always doing whatever the staff asks of me? It never says we do everything for the staff no matter what and we must always say yes.

1 Comments

  1. Ilia C.

    04.12.2020 at 18:14
    Reply

    Disadvantages of Servant Leadership. 1. It takes time to build Servant Leadership. Relationship building forms an important part of servant leadership. It takes time.

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