File Name: list of modals and their functions .zip
Modals also called modal verbs, modal auxiliary verb s, modal auxiliaries are special verbs which behave irregularly in English. They are different from normal verbs like "work, play, visit They have a great variety of communicative functions. The verbs or expressions dare , ought to , had better , and need not behave like modal auxiliaries to a large extent and my be added to the above list.
Mary J. Instead of sticking to boring old grammar drills, you can take real-life scenarios to teach modal verbs the fun way. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. Modal verbs are incredibly versatile and are used for several different functions in the English language. With these ESL activities , you can make them fun! That way, students will pick up modal verbs more easily. This exercise is great for teaching how to use modal verbs for prohibition and obligation.
It uses real-life examples that students see around them every day, so they should have no problem picking up the grammar and putting it into context. Start by showing or drawing a picture of a no smoking sign to your class and asking them what it means. Then, ask your students how they could make the sentence stronger. Create a worksheet or PowerPoint presentation which provides a selection of signs.
These could be road signs, safety signs or signs you might find in the classroom. Keep them simple and easy to understand. They can use the given modal verbs to write sentences for each one. To finish up the class, move onto something more fun and more challenging. Give out a selection of weird and wacky signs, such as this one from the Travel Channel. Students will have to get creative with their modal verbs to decide what they mean, and can work in pairs to write their own ideas.
At the end, you can go over their answers together, and correct their grammar as you go along. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Instead of going over the same workbook exercises, vocabulary drills and grammar problems, students learn English through video clips of popular movies and TV shows, pop songs, comic books, news articles and more.
In order to practice using modal verbs for advice, your students can try their hands at being agony aunts. To open up the topic, tell your students that you have a problem you want them to help you with.
Once they do, work with them to flesh it out into a full sentence. Then, students can practice giving advice with these words. The best choice for you will depend on the skill level of your class, as well as the amount of time you have. This could be a writing or conversation lesson , depending on how you structure it.
Students can try predicting the future by role playing as fortune tellers. There are two ways you can approach this topic. The first is to use palm reading. Busy Teacher has a great palm reading lesson plan. The second way to do it is by using tarot cards. Once your students have learned how to use the modal verbs, they can draw three cards at a time and use them to make predictions about their partners.
Kick off this activity by having students brainstorm a list of jobs. You can use their answers to teach them how to use the following modal verbs:. In pairs, students can then discuss their own jobs using modal verbs. To wrap up, turn it into a guessing game.
Ask each student to choose a job without telling their partner what it is. They can use modal verbs to describe the job and their partner can guess the job. Suggestions are another function that modal verbs are used for. This simple activity will get your students comfortable with making them on their own. Start the class by asking students to talk in pairs about what their hobbies are. This should be easy for most students. After a few minutes of discussion, pick one example from the class.
Then, ask how they would invite someone to join them in that activity. Give out cards with different scenarios on each one. If your students find this too easy, you can then do away with the cards and have them come up with prompts on their own.
Make it entertaining and students will pick up the material much more easily. Use these activities to keep your classes fresh and interesting. If you're looking for creative ways to teach English, then you'll love using FluentU in your classroom! It's got a huge collection of authentic English videos that people in the English-speaking world actually watch regularly. There are tons of great choices there when you're looking for songs for in-class activities. You'll find music videos, musical numbers from cinema and theater, kids' singalongs, commercial jingles and much, much more.
On FluentU, all the videos are sorted by skill level and are carefully annotated for students. Words come with example sentences and definitions. Students will be able to add them to their own vocabulary lists, and even see how the words are used in other videos.
Plus, these great videos are all accompanied by interactive features and active learning tools for students, like multimedia flashcards and fun games like "fill in the blank. Not to mention, it's guaranteed to get your students excited about learning English! Sign up for a free trial and bring FluentU to your classroom today.
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In this lesson, we will learn about modal verbs , and how they are used to convey different conditions. These ten modal verbs are used in many ways. Here are some of their most common functions. Will and its contracted form 'll, and negative form won't is used TurtleDiary Games and Flash. You have a pending invite. Click here for details.
In this lesson, we will learn about modal verbs, and how they are used to convey different conditions. Modal Auxiliaries/Verbs: There are 10 types of modal.
Modal verbs or modal auxiliary verbs are a type of verbs that indicates modality, i. Some of the common modal verbs are can, could, may, might and must. Let us understand them briefly.
Please help us keep the website Free and continue the work. Can — to be able to, to be allowed to, or possible. Should usually implies advice, a logical deduction or a so-so obligation.
Jump to navigation. I must do my homework. We must wear our school uniform. Parents must take care of their children.
Click here for all the exercises about modal verbs Here's a list of the modal verbs in English: can could may might will would must shall should ought to. We often call these 'modals of deduction' or 'speculation' or 'certainty' or 'probability'. For example: It's snowing, so it must be very cold outside. I don't know where John is. He could have missed the train. This bill can't be right. Click here to find out more about probability.
The English modals (as we have already established - see above) form a clearly Summarising, we may say that languages have 3 different ways of dealing with Acquisition of syntax is - to some extent - driven by the lexicon (the list of.
Examples of Modal Auxiliary Verbs. Modal Auxiliaries Examples: Modal Auxiliaries or helping verbs help in expressing possible, probable, certain actions, duties or obligations. They also express actions which are permissible to do. Whether modals, modal verbs, modal auxiliaries or modal auxiliary verbs, they are all the same.
Mary J. Instead of sticking to boring old grammar drills, you can take real-life scenarios to teach modal verbs the fun way.
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