File Name: deductive and inductive approach in research .zip
View Stats. But by using an inductive approach, students use their logic to understand concepts and summarize it. The research method applied in this study is a descriptive-comparative method with a triangulation analysis technique.
Instruments used in the study were a questionnaire for the students, observation sheets, and three-tier diagnostic test items for pretest and posttest.
The average pretest scores for deductive and inductive classes were While the average posttest scores for deductive and inductive classes were While the inductive approach was more effectively applied to the topic of Particle Kinetic theory. AbduRofiq, A. Ajai, J. Comparison of the learning effectiveness of problem-based learning PBL and conventional method of teaching algebra.
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International Journal of Instruction, 11 1 , Suprapto, P. Trochim, W. The Research Methods Knowledge Base. Cincinnati: Atomic Dog Publishing. User Username Password Remember me.
Powered by. About The Authors S. Kusuma Universitas Negeri Semarang Indonesia. Article Tools How to cite item. Wardani, I. Keywords deductive; inductive; concept understanding. Full Text: PDF. References AbduRofiq, A. Gurria, A. PISA results in focus. PISA in Focus, 67 , 1. Editorial Policies. Ethics Statement. Editorial Board. Peer Reviewer. Guide for Authors. Online Submission Here. Scopus Citation Analysis.
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Theory structures and informs social work research. Conversely, social work research structures and informs theory. Students become aware of the reciprocal relationship between theory and research when they consider the relationships between the two in inductive and deductive approaches. In both cases, theory is crucial but the relationship between theory and research differs for each approach. Inductive and deductive approaches to research are quite different, but they can also be complementary. When a researcher utilizes an inductive approach , they begin by collecting data that is relevant to their topic of interest. At this stage, the researcher looks for patterns in the data, working to develop a theory that could explain those patterns.
Theories structure and inform sociological research. So, too, does research structure and inform theory. The reciprocal relationship between theory and research often becomes evident to students new to these topics when they consider the relationships between theory and research in inductive and deductive approaches to research. In both cases, theory is crucial. But the relationship between theory and research differs for each approach. Inductive and deductive approaches to research are quite different, but they can also be complementary. In an inductive approach Collect data, analyze patterns in the data, and then theorize from the data.
If a causal relationship or link seems to be implied by a particular theory or case example, it might be true in many cases. Deductive approach can be explained by the means of hypotheses, which can be derived from the propositions of the theory. In other words, deductive approach is concerned with deducting conclusions from premises or propositions. Advantages of Deductive Approach Deductive approach offers the following advantages:. The table below guides the choice of specific approach depending on circumstances:. Deductive research approach explores a known theory or phenomenon and tests if that theory is valid in given circumstances. The reasoning starts with a theory and leads to a new hypothesis.
View Stats. But by using an inductive approach, students use their logic to understand concepts and summarize it. The research method applied in this study is a descriptive-comparative method with a triangulation analysis technique. Instruments used in the study were a questionnaire for the students, observation sheets, and three-tier diagnostic test items for pretest and posttest.
The purpose of this paper is to explain the rationale for choosing the qualitative approach to research human resources practices, namely, recruitment and selection, training and development, performance management, rewards management, employee communication and participation, diversity management and work and life balance using deductive and inductive approaches to analyse data. The paper adopts an emic perspective that favours the study of transfer of human resource management practices from the point of view of employees and host country managers in subsidiaries of western multinational enterprises in Ghana. Despite the numerous examples of qualitative methods of data generation, little is known particularly to the novice researcher about how to analyse qualitative data. This paper develops a model to explain in a systematic manner how to methodically analyse qualitative data using both deductive and inductive approaches.
Published on April 18, by Raimo Streefkerk. Revised on November 11, The main difference between inductive and deductive reasoning is that inductive reasoning aims at developing a theory while deductive reasoning aims at testing an existing theory. Inductive reasoning moves from specific observations to broad generalizations, and deductive reasoning the other way around. Table of contents Inductive research approach Deductive research approach Combining inductive and deductive research. When there is little to no existing literature on a topic, it is common to perform inductive research because there is no theory to test. The inductive approach consists of three stages:.
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