File Name: types of motors and their applications .zip
AC motors are highly flexible in many features including speed control VSD - Variable Speed Drives and have a much larger installed base compared to DC motors, some of the key advantages are:. The current trend for VSD is to add more features and programmable logic control PLC functionality, which add advantages but require greater technical expertise during maintenance.
Electric vehicles are not something new to this world, but with the technological advancement and increased concern on controlling pollution has given it a tag of future mobility. The rapid development in the field of Power electronics and control techniques has created a space for various types of electric motors to be used in Electric Vehicles. The electric motors used for automotive applications should have characteristics like high starting torque, high power density, good efficiency, etc. High starting torque capability of the DC Series motor makes it a suitable option for traction application. It was the most widely used motor for traction application in the early s. The advantages of this motor are easy speed control and it can also withstand a sudden increase in load.
Electric motors play a vital role in industry, businesses, and homes in the 21 st Century. Increasingly, a push for more green sustainable technology has brought innovation and change to the simple electric motor. Each motor has a specific application. Basic motors have been classified into three distinct types: AC motor, DC motor, and specialized motors. AC motors include both the synchronous motor and the induction motor. The simple electric motor function remains similar. Synchronous motors have been used for both robots and automation.
The motor is used to convert an electrical form of energy into mechanical form. According to the type of supply, motors are classified as AC motors and DC motors. In today post, we will discuss the different types of three phase induction motors with working and applications. Therefore, the induction motor is the most important motor among all other types of motor. What is a 3-Phase Induction Motor? A three phase induction motor is a type of AC induction motors which operates on three phase supply as compared to the single phase induction motor where single phase supply is needed to operate it. The three phase supply current produces an electromagnetic field in the stator winding which leads to generate the torque in the rotor winding of three phase induction motor having magnetic field.
Motors are mechanical or electro-mechanical devices that convert energy into motion. Energy, in the form of electrical, hydraulic, or pneumatic, is converted to rotational or linear motion and then output to a shaft or other power transmission component where it provides useful work. Electrical motors include AC or DC varieties, which are further broken out by specific special purpose electrical motors, including gearmotors, stepper motors, servomotors, and linear motors. Hydraulic and pneumatic motors rely on fluid oil, air for their motive power. Chemical motors include outboard motors for use on boats and rocket motors , both of which use internal combustion and are often called engines. An electric motor used to propel small fishing boats is called a trolling motor.
Permanent Magnet (PMDC) motors: The stator is a permanent magnet, so the motor is smaller in size. Disadv: only used for low torque applications http://en.
Premium Membership. Learn from experienced power engineers. Almost all modern industrial and commercial undertakings employ electric drive in preference to mechanical drive because it possesses the following advantages :.
An electric motor is an electromechanical device that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Basically, there are three types of electric motor, AC motors Synchronous and Asynchronous motors , DC motors brushed and brushless , and Special purpose motors. An electric motor consists of a permanent external field magnet stator and a coiled conducting ammeter rotor which is free to rotate within the field magnet. Brushes and a commutator designed differently if A.
In the present day world, electrical energy is generated in bulk in the form of an alternating current. Hence, the use of DC machines, i. They are mainly used in supplying excitation of small and medium-range alternators. Nowadays, the alternating current is generated first and then it is converted into DC by the rectifiers. Thus, DC generator has generally been suppressed by a rectified AC supply for many applications.
As we know, an electric motor plays a vital role in every sector of the industry, and also in a wide range of applications. There are a variety of types of electric motors are available in the market. The selection of these motors can be done based on the operation and voltage and applications.
Electric motors are now more diverse and adaptable than ever before. When planning a motion control system, the choice of motor is extremely important. The motor must align with the purpose and overall performance goals of the system. Luckily, there is a motor design suitable for any imaginable purpose. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control.
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