File Name: alcohol and cardiovascular disease .zip
Back to Health A to Z. Cardiovascular disease CVD is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels.
Recent Developments in Alcoholism pp Cite as. The ingestion of one or two alcoholic drinks can affect heart rate, blood pressure, cardiac output, myocardial contractility, and regional blood flow. These actions generally are not clinically important.
In the presence of cardiovascular disease, however, even such small quantities of alcohol might result in transient unfavorable hemodynamic changes. Moreover, alcohol abuse can produce cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension, cardiomyopathy, stroke, and even sudden death. In contrast, moderate alcohol use produces changes that have an overall favorable effect on atherosclerotic-related vascular diseases.
Because cardiovascular disease due to atherosclerosis is the leading cause of death in Western society, this desirable effect of alcohol use outweighs its detrimental actions, resulting in favorable findings in population studies.
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Arch Intern Med. The authors have no relevant financial interest in this article. Compared with individuals who rarely or never drank alcoholic beverages, those who reported monthly, weekly, and daily alcohol consumption, respectively, had multivariate adjusted relative risks RRs for CVD mortality of 0. In the same groups, RRs for total mortality were respectively 0. Among men with a systolic blood pressure of mm Hg or higher or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher, the RRs for CVD mortality were, respectively, 1. A recently published American Heart Association Science advisory states that"patients who are hypertensive should avoid alcoholic beverages.
Cardiovascular disease CVD is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. The underlying mechanisms vary depending on the disease.
The Guidelines also note that not drinking alcohol also is the safest option for women who are lactating. Generally, moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages by a woman who is lactating up to 1 standard drink in a day is not known to be harmful to the infant, especially if the woman waits at least 2 hours after a single drink before nursing or expressing breast milk. Women considering consuming alcohol during lactation should talk to their healthcare provider. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
Atherosclerosis is manifested as coronary artery disease CAD , ischemic stroke and peripheral vascular disease. Moderate alcohol consumption has been associated with reduction of CAD complications. Apparently, red wine offers more benefits than any other kind of drinks, probably due to flavonoids. Alcohol alters lipoproteins and the coagulation system. The flavonoids induce vascular relaxation by mechanisms that are both dependent and independent of nitric oxide, inhibits many of the cellular reactions associated with atherosclerosis and inflammation, such as endothelial expression of vascular adhesion molecules and release of cytokines from polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
Age-adjusted rates of myocardial infarction MI according to alcohol intake and number of healthy lifestyle features met among men enrolled in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Diamonds, squares, and triangles, respectively, indicate men with all 4, 2 or 3, and none or 1 favorable lifestyle behaviors. Arch Intern Med. We studied whether alcohol consumption is inversely associated with risk for coronary heart disease in men who report consistently favorable lifestyle behaviors. High dietary scores reflected a high intake of vegetables, fruits, cereal fiber, fish, chicken, nuts, soy, and polyunsaturated fat; low consumption of trans -fat, and red and processed meats; and multivitamin use.
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