File Name: chemical formula and their names .zip
Chemical nomenclature , replete as it is with compounds with complex names, is a repository for some names that may be considered unusual. A browse through the Physical Constants of Organic Compounds in the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics a fundamental resource will reveal not just the whimsical work of chemists , but the sometimes peculiar compound names that occur as the consequence of simple juxtaposition. Some names derive legitimately from their chemical makeup, from the geographic region where they may be found, the plant or animal species from which they are isolated or the name of the discoverer. Some are given intentionally unusual trivial names based on their structure, a notable property or at the whim of those who first isolate them.
Kristy Turner takes inspiration from grammar and vocabulary lessons in modern foreign languages and shares her top tips. Expert chemists easily switch between the many types of formulas, systematic names and common names for chemicals, but students have difficulties with chemical formulas at school and university.
Although some students gain fluency with relative ease, others struggle, which may hinder their achievement and engagement with chemistry. Some formulas are well known. The rules, which are automatic to teachers, may seem unduly complicated and petty to students. Some elements have just one capital letter as their symbol, others have a capital and a lower case letter. Subscript numbers multiply the element symbol to their left only, unless there are brackets.
This contrasts with numbers in algebraic equations in maths, which appear as ordinary characters and multiply the letter to their right. An added complication for more advanced students, who are learning functional groups, is that some formulas are empirical, whereas others are expanded into structural or semi-structural forms. As students progress they may also see state symbols to the right of the formula. Chemical formulas are part of our language, so it makes sense to explore teaching techniques for modern foreign languages.
It is important that students know why they need to learn formulas. A good reason is that word equations have limitations; the same substances have different names in different languages. To avoid confusion, chemists use symbol equations to show what is happening in chemical reactions because chemical formulas describe substances in terms of the elements they contain. Learning and testing lists of formulas is a legitimate exercise but it can be tiresome and demotivating for students.
Pupils aged 11—14 might learn the formulas of hydrochloric, sulfuric and nitric acids, sodium hydroxide and ammonia as their vocabulary in a topic on acids and alkalis. It is important to quickly move this isolated vocabulary into context by combining it with other skills and knowledge so that students see its utility. There are rules within formulas — just like there are grammatical rules within languages. Although the ability to acquire new vocabulary does not decline as students get older, there are benefits to introducing scientific language early on.
Early learning maximises opportunities to practise manipulating formulas and apply understanding, and firmly weaves the language of chemistry into its theory and practice. Activities to practice formulas make handy quick-start activities to settle students into a lesson. It is also worth having a few such tasks ready as an emergency filler or to help keep students on task when practical work requires waiting around.
Language lessons tend to be multimodal. Students experience vocabulary in reading, writing, listening and speaking work. There are lots of opportunities to work with formulas in routine teaching, especially in practical work. Try a version of the card game Go fish! Download teacher notes with printable cards MS Word or pdf and a set of instruction slides for students ppt or pdf.
Many parents test their children on their modern language vocabulary and parental input can be a key factor in student success. Many parents will lack fluency with formulas themselves so provide suitable materials for them to use at home. Flashcards, formula vocabulary lists, example questions and answers, as well as Google quizzes are all useful resources for this.
V Taskin and S Bernholt, Int. Use this infographic with your 14—16 classes to boost their knowledge of diamond, graphite, graphene and fullerenes. Why a positive approach helps students follow the rules: practical tips for encouraging your students to better follow mask and handwashing rules during the Covid pandemic. Site powered by Webvision Cloud.
Skip to main content Skip to navigation. No comments. Download all. References 1. Topics Differentiation Skills. Related articles.
Feature Allotropes of carbon TZ Use this infographic with your 14—16 classes to boost their knowledge of diamond, graphite, graphene and fullerenes. Load more articles. No comments yet. You're not signed in. Only registered users can comment on this article.
Sign in Register. More Ideas. Ideas How to make the most of practical videos TZ Use these four strategies to ensure successful learning — whether remote learning or in school. Ideas 4 strategies to get students to follow hygiene rules in school TZ Why a positive approach helps students follow the rules: practical tips for encouraging your students to better follow mask and handwashing rules during the Covid pandemic.
Chemistry is said to be a subject mostly comprising of reactions along with formulas. We come across various chemical substances in our daily life. Some of the substances we use in our house such as the staples present in the medicine cabinet comprise chemical substances. Chemical Formula in Chemistry is like a shorthand used to represent the elements in a compound. The Periodic Table has elements along with the symbols.
Approximately one-third of the compounds produced industrially are organic compounds. All living organisms are composed of organic compounds, as are most foods, medicines, clothing fibers, and plastics. The detection of organic compounds is useful in many fields. By analyzing these organic gases and isolating the individual components, preservationists are better able to determine the condition of an object and those books and documents most in need of immediate protection. The simplest class of organic compounds is the hydrocarbons, which consist entirely of carbon and hydrogen.
Generally questions from the topic Common Names and Formulas of Important Chemical Compounds are asked in every competitive exam. Chemical formulas provide a lot of information about chemical substances, such as how many and what atoms they are made of, as well as the way the atoms are arranged. A compound is a substance made up of a definite proportion of two or more elements.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *