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He received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Albert Camus was a French novelist, essayist, and playwright. Albert Camus was born in Mondovi, Algeria, to French parents. After his father died in , Camus and his brother Lucien moved with their mother to a working-class district of Algiers. Albert Camus used his debut novel, The Stranger , as a platform to explore absurdity, a concept central to his writings and at the core of his treatment of questions about the meaning of life.
In his work, Camus addressed topics ranging from alienation to the inadequacy of traditional values. Albert Camus was a leading literary figure in the midth century.
He also wrote an influential philosophical essay, The Myth of Sisyphus , and several stage plays, including Caligula , a landmark production in the Theatre of the Absurd. On the night of January 4, , year-old Albert Camus was riding in the passenger seat of a Facel Vega when the driver—his friend and publisher, Michel Gallimard—lost control of the car.
The car veered off the road into a tree, killing Camus. Learn more. Less than a year after Camus was born, his father, an impoverished worker, was killed in World War I during the First Battle of the Marne.
His mother, of Spanish descent, did housework to support her family. Camus and his elder brother Lucien moved with their mother to a working-class district of Algiers , where all three lived, together with the maternal grandmother and a paralyzed uncle, in a two-room apartment.
Both collections contrast the fragile mortality of human beings with the enduring nature of the physical world. A period of intellectual awakening followed, accompanied by great enthusiasm for sport, especially football soccer , swimming , and boxing. In , however, the first of several severe attacks of tuberculosis put an end to his sporting career and interrupted his studies. Camus had to leave the unhealthy apartment that had been his home for 15 years, and, after a short period spent with an uncle, Camus decided to live on his own, supporting himself by a variety of jobs while registered as a philosophy student at the University of Algiers.
At the university, Camus was particularly influenced by one of his teachers, Jean Grenier, who helped him to develop his literary and philosophical ideas and shared his enthusiasm for football. To regain his health he went to a resort in the French Alps—his first visit to Europe—and eventually returned to Algiers via Florence, Pisa, and Genoa.
Throughout the s, Camus broadened his interests. For a short period in —35 he was also a member of the Algerian Communist Party. He maintained a deep love of the theatre until his death.
Ironically, his plays are the least-admired part of his literary output, although Le Malentendu Cross Purpose and Caligula, first produced in and , respectively, remain landmarks in the Theatre of the Absurd. These articles, reprinted in abridged form in Actuelles III , drew attention 15 years in advance to many of the injustices that led to the outbreak of the Algerian War in Camus took his stand on humanitarian rather than ideological grounds and continued to see a future role for France in Algeria while not ignoring colonialist injustices.
He enjoyed the most influence as a journalist during the final years of the occupation of France and the immediate post-Liberation period. As editor of the Parisian daily Combat , the successor of a Resistance newssheet run largely by Camus, he held an independent left-wing position based on the ideals of justice and truth and the belief that all political action must have a solid moral basis.
Later, the old-style expediency of both Left and Right brought increasing disillusion, and in he severed his connection with Combat. By now Camus had become a leading literary figure. La Chute reveals a preoccupation with Christian symbolism and contains an ironical and witty exposure of the more complacent forms of secular humanist morality.
In , at the early age of 44, Camus received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Less than three years later he was killed in an automobile accident. Article Contents. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites.
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This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. Are you certain this article is inappropriate? Email Address:. He wrote in his essay The Rebel that his whole life was devoted to opposing the philosophy of nihilism while still delving deeply into individual freedom. Camus did not consider himself to be an existentialist despite usually being classified as one, even in his lifetime. Sartre and I are always surprised to see our names linked
He received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Albert Camus was a French novelist, essayist, and playwright. Albert Camus was born in Mondovi, Algeria, to French parents. After his father died in , Camus and his brother Lucien moved with their mother to a working-class district of Algiers. Albert Camus used his debut novel, The Stranger , as a platform to explore absurdity, a concept central to his writings and at the core of his treatment of questions about the meaning of life. In his work, Camus addressed topics ranging from alienation to the inadequacy of traditional values. Albert Camus was a leading literary figure in the midth century.
The Tender Indifference of the World: Revisiting Albert Camus According to this view, texts such as Betwixt and Between and. Nuptials, which.
On October 13, , the English novelist and critic J. It is also a masterwork of irony in the true literary sense. But it was never published in her lifetime. Since the Battle of the Brows troubles, I am told, the evening air, since the finest minds of our age have lately been engaged in debating, not without that passion which befits a noble cause, what a highbrow is and what a lowbrow, which is better and which is worse, may I take this opportunity to express my opinion and at the same time draw attention to certain aspects of the question which seem to me to have been unfortunately overlooked?
Israel and Its Mediterranean Identity pp Cite as. C amus is for many Israelis a source of inspiration and an inexhaustible reservoir of insights. They return to his books again and again, grow up among their pages, discard as a result the cynicism and skepticism with which they were burdened on the way, and become connected through him with the Mediterranean whose shores link him to the Israelis and link the Israelis to their neighbors. Unable to display preview.
An intellectual is someone whose mind watches itself. His mother, Catherine Hlne Sints, was partially deaf and illiterate, working as a maid. His Father, Lucien Camus, was an agricultural worker. He died in , fighting in the Battle of the Marne one year after Albert was born. Albert and his mother lived in relative poverty, a factor which would shape his ideas, works, and philosophies for the rest of his life.
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