File Name: embodiment in attitudes social perception and emotion .zip
Spontaneous gestures that accompany speech are related to both verbal and spatial processes.
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This review explores spontaneous mimicry in the context of three questions. The first question concerns the role of spontaneous mimicry in processing conceptual information. The second question concerns the debate whether spontaneous mimicry is driven by simple associative processes or reflects higher-order processes such as goals, intentions, and social context. The third question addresses the implications of these debates for understanding atypical individuals and states. We review relevant literature and argue for a dynamic, context-sensitive role of spontaneous mimicry in social cognition and behavior.
Our series of experiments attempted to investigate whether the assumed embodiment effect can be reproduced in a simplified emotional categorization task for emotional faces and words. We also wanted to test whether the embodiment effect can be detected in children because it is assumed that their bodily processes are especially closely linked with their sensory and cognitive processes. Our experiments involved child and adult participants categorizing faces and words as positive or negative as quickly as possible, while inducing a positive or negative facial or bodily state holding a straw in the mouth such that a smile or a frown was generated, or creating a positive or negative body posture. The positive or negative facial and bodily states could therefore be either congruent or incongruent with the valence of the target face and word stimuli. Our results did not show any significant differences between the congruent and incongruent conditions in either children or adults. This suggests that embodiment effects either do not significantly impact valence-based categorization or are not strong enough to be detected by our approach considering the sample size in the present study. The facial feedback hypothesis FFH posits that the musculature related to the formation of emotional facial expressions also influences the perception of emotional stimuli.
Carr, E. The two sides of spontaneity: Movement onset asymmetries in facial expressions influence social judgments. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology in press. Rychlowska, M. Pacifiers disrupt adults' responses to infants' emotions. Basic and Applied Social Psychology.
Research on embodiment is rich in impressive demonstrations but somewhat poor in comprehensive explanations. Although some moderators and driving mechanisms have been identified, a comprehensive conceptual account of how bodily states or dynamics influence behavior is still missing. Here, we attempt to integrate current knowledge by describing three basic psychological mechanisms: direct state induction , which influences how humans feel or process information, unmediated by any other cognitive mechanism; modal priming , which changes the accessibility of concepts associated with a bodily state; sensorimotor simulation , which affects the ease with which congruent and incongruent actions are performed. We argue that the joint impact of these mechanisms can account for most existing embodiment effects. Additionally, we summarize empirical tests for distinguishing these mechanisms and suggest a guideline for future research about the mechanisms underlying embodiment effects. Carrying weight makes hills seem steeper and distances seem greater Bhalla and Proffitt, ; Proffitt et al.
Когда я опустился на колени, чтобы помочь ему, этот человек стал совать мне пальцы прямо в лицо.
При мысли об этом он почувствовал прилив адреналина. Бизнес - это война, с которой ничто не сравнится по остроте ощущений. Хотя три дня назад, когда раздался звонок, Токуген Нуматака был полон сомнений и подозрений, теперь он знал правду. У него счастливая миури - счастливая судьба. Он избранник богов. - В моих руках копия ключа Цифровой крепости, - послышался голос с американским акцентом. - Не желаете купить.
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